Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Cause Effect Essays Examine why something has happened or exists. Speculate about what caused the situation.
However, unlike the psychosexual theory by Freud the psychosocial theory mainly describes the impact that social experience has on a given individual across his or her lifespan Flannagan, In accordance with the psychosexual theory, the first stage is described as the oral stage where the infant mainly interacts with the society with the mouth.
During this stage, the infant is sorely dependent upon the caretakers and hence develops a sense of trust and comfort through the stimulation of the oral organ.
Freud describes the second stage as the anal stage. The success of the stage is based on how caregivers successfully manage to train the child into using the toilet. During this, the principal center of attention of the libido is on the genitals. The child starts developing the Oedipus complex whereby the male child wants to possess the mother, thereby viewing the father as a rival to be dethrones.
The girl child on the other hand develops the Electra complex, which is the polar converse of the Oedipus complex. Freud describes the last stage in development as the genital stage where the child develops sexual interests towards the opposite sex. Additionally, the child outgrows his or her personal interests and develops a sense of concern for communal wellbeing within the society.
The main measure of success for this stage is noted in the balance between the various aspects of life.
Erikson describes his first developmental stage as the trust vs. In this stage, the infant is highly dependent on the consistency of its caregivers for survival and derives trust and the feelings of trust, comfort and safety from a trust association. The second stage is autonomy vs.
During this stage, Erickson believed a child develops a greater sense of control through training towards achieving feelings of control and independence.
The third stage is the initiative vs. During this stage, the children start to assert their authority and control over their areas of influence through play and other social interactions. The fourth stage is Industry vs. Inferiority where the child is mainly concerned with the acquisition of new skills, leading to a sense of self-gratification after successful acquisition of new skills and abilities.
The fifth stage is described as the Identity vs. During this stage, children are believed to be in the processes of discovering their own identity. A completion of this stage leads to one having a sense of independence and control. The next stage is the intimacy vs.
Erickson was of the view that the success of the subsequent stage was highly dependent upon the success of the previous one.
With this in mind, the development of a strong sense of identity is necessary in the development of a strong intimate relationship. In the Generativity vs. Stagnation stage, an individual develops a sense of career and family.
The last stage according to Erickson is the integrity vs. During this stage, the individual there is a prevalent manifestation of nostalgia Hayes, The first idea is that what an individual becomes is mainly determined by early experiences.
This means that ones adulthood is entirely determined by childhood experiences. The second aspect is that the story of development is based on how an individual handles anti-social impulses in ways that are socially acceptable.
I dislike this theory as it has many inherent flaws that act as weaknesses. First, it is difficult to test the credibility of the assertions given that the evidence gathered is not favorable. This is because, certain events are difficult to measure as they are unobservable.Ever loved a book or story, and been unable to find another quite like it?
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