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Caballerosidad[ edit ] "Caballerosidad" in Spanish, or cavalheirismo in Portuguese, or the English mixture of both but not a proper word in any of the previously mentioned languages, caballerismo, is a Latin American understanding of manliness that focuses more on honour and chivalry.
Latin American scholars have noted that positive descriptors of machismo resemble the characteristics associated with the concept of caballerosidad.
Therefore, machismo, like all social constructions of identity, should be understood as having multiple layers. Caballerosidad refers to a chivalric masculine code of behavior. Note that the English term also stems from the Latin root caballus, through the French chevalier.
Like the English chivalric code, caballerosidad developed out of a medieval socio-historical class system in which people of wealth and status owned horses for transportation and other forms of horsepower whereas the lower classes did not.
It was also associated with the class of knights in the feudal system. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an neutral presentation that contextualizes different points of view.
December Learn how and when to remove this template message Controversy surrounding colonial connotations[ edit ] There is controversy surrounding the concept of machismo as originally from Spanish and Portuguese descent.
The use of Spanish and Portuguese produces historical colonial connotations through its promotion of Spanish and Portuguese masculine social construction, when the term should be used to describe specific Latin American historical masculinities.
This is because the origin of the word caballero to intend for a wealthy Spaniard landlord during the colonial era, exalts  European culture in comparison to the so-called Latin American machismo animalesque, irrational, violent, backward. Consequences of a one-sided negative depiction[ edit ] Researchers are concerned regarding the unbalanced representation of machismo within Latin American cultures, and are now focused on creating a balanced representation.
The negative construct of machismo is based on the traditional Western concept of hypermasculinity, and is predominant within mainstream discourse, without an acknowledgement towards its resemblance towards hypermasculinty.
However, the focus on the negative aspects and avoidance of positive aspects of machismo coincides with the concept of marginalization and powerlessness  of Hispanic and Latino, and more broadly Romance-speaking European culture-derived, narratives.
This is because the focus on the negative and avoidance of the positive creates a power dynamic that legitimizes mainstream American hegemonic masculinity as the correct masculinity and subjugates machismo as a degenerated "non-white" form of abuse against women and backwardness.
As a result, it creates a sense of powerlessness within Latino males in their expression of their masculinity. Accordingly, they link these expressions as contributing to a lack of interest in academics as well as behavioural struggles in schools for Latino male youth.
However, this focus does not reveal the other social forces that drive Hispanic and Latino youth to struggle academically instead of participating in criminal behaviour,[ citation needed ] or the fact that those cultural myths of the strong Latino male character, famed for its self-assertiveness and dominance, are often perpetuated by Latin Americans and their cultural descendants themselves.
Negative depictions of machismo in popular literature[ edit ] Throughout popular literature, the term has continued to be associated with negative characteristics, such as sexismmisogynychauvinismhypermasculinityand hegemonic masculinity.
Authors from a various disciplines typified macho men as domineering through intimidation, seducing and controlling women and children through violence and intimidation. In the play and film adaptationStanley epitomizes the tough, alpha-male hypermasculine archetypesocially and physically dominating and imposing his will upon his wife and her sister, Blanche Dubois.
In the play A View from the Bridge by Arthur Millerone of the main characters, Eddie, is a classic type who displays machismo.
He wants to be the best of the men around him and when beaten, becomes very agitated and increasingly irrational. The negative stereotypes depicted in American literature are not representative of all the different layers of machismo.
Some societies and academics place traditional gender roles social norms for certain communities, while admiration or convention for others as the most important component of machismo. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page.
Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. March Learn how and when to remove this template message Machismo has been influenced and supported by many different factors. The Catholic religion plays a vital role to many within the Spanish community.
For this reason the male dominated world that is often referenced in the Bible is seen among the people. Examples can be found throughout the Bible showing how women should be submissive to their husbands:Marlon Brando is widely considered the greatest movie actor of all time, rivaled only by the more theatrically oriented Laurence Olivier in terms of.
A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams Stanley carries his bowling jacket and a red-stained package from a butcher's. They stop at the foot of the steps.] Blanche comes around the corner, currying a valise.
She looks at a slip of paper, then at the building, then again at the slip and again at the building. The American Film Institute in Los Angeles, California, in mid-June commemorated the extraordinary first years of American movies by making a "definitive selection of the greatest American movies of all time, as determined by more than 1, leaders from the American film community.".
To the over-sensitive person, such as Blanche, Stanley represents a holdover from the Stone Age. He is bestial and brutal and determined to destroy that which is not his. He is like the Stone Age savage bringing home the meat from the kill.
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Caballerosidad. Caballerosidad" in Spanish, or cavalheirismo in Portuguese, or the English mixture of both but not a proper word in any of the previously mentioned languages, caballerismo, is a Latin American understanding of manliness that focuses more on honour and chivalry. The meaning of caballero is "gentleman" (derived from .