In many cases your instructor is expecting a particular kind of reaction, for example, a statement of whether you agree or disagree with the text and your reasons. Find out the specific expectations. Suggestions for Writing Summaries The following is a reading-writing process that works for many students when summarizing thesis-support articles. You can adapt it for longer and different kinds of texts and to your own process, with guidance from your professor.
Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience? You will want to consider what is effective and ineffective. Analysis requires knowing who the author is trying to persuade and what he or she wants the audience to think, do, or believe. Text, Reader, and Author are easy to understand.
When writing the analysis, you need to think about what kind of text it is and what the author wanted to have the audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, "How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience? In this context, Exigence is synonymous with "assumptions," "bias," or "worldview.
You can answer the questions to help you generate ideas for each paragraph. Text How is the essay organized? What is effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay?
How does the author try to interest the reader? How well does the author explain the main claims? Are these arguments logical?
Revise in response to your notes on the first draft, tightening your writing. Once you believe your summary is pretty much together, ask someone to read it critically. See if your reader understands the basic points of the article after reading your summary. After making changes based on your reader's critique, edit and proofread. Writing a Summary Paper in APA Style Faced with a long document, readers are either going to skim and try to take in the information or they can begin by reading the author's summary. Reading the much shorter summary especially in an academic setting is a good way to see the focus of the paper without reading the entire document first. Guidelines for using IN-TEXT CITATIONS in a SUMMARY (or RESEARCH PAPER) Christine Bauer-Ramazani. The purpose of a summary is to give the reader, in a about 1/3 of the original length of an article/lecture, a clear, objective picture of the original lecture or text.
Do the support and evidence seem adequate? Is the support convincing to the reader? Does the evidence actually prove the point the author is trying to make?
Author Who is the author? What does he or she know about this subject? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable?
How does the author try to relate to the audience and establish common ground?
How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to know more? Does the author explain enough about the history of this argument?Most of the time when you are tasked with an essay about a book or article you've read for a class, you will be expected to write in a professional and impersonal voice.
But the regular rules change a bit when you write a response paper.
A response (or reaction) paper differs from the formal review primarily in that it is written in the first person. Nov 10, · How to Write a Summary.
In this Article: Article Summary Sample Summaries Reviewing the Piece Writing The Summary in Your Own Words Revising Your Draft into a Coherent Summary Community Q&A Writing a summary is a great way to process the information you read, whether it’s an article or a book%().
Students who searched for Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Great Reading Response Paper found the following related articles and links useful. or all you're doing is writing a summary.
Start by citing the article according to APA style. Begin with the last name(s) and initial(s) of the author(s).
This is followed by the year of publication in parentheses. The first step to writing is to read actively and thoughtfully, seeking answers to the following questions as you go: What are the main points, ideas, or arguments of the work (book, article, play.
A personal response is an essay in which you describe and analyze your own thoughts and feelings about a reading.
The personal response is usually one of the first assignments in a beginning writing course.