A New York Times feature on the entrenched poverty of increasing numbers of American workers highlighted the research of Evelyn Nakano Glenn in Forced to Carenoting the many Americans who work in the service sector for dismally low wages but whose additional, off-the-books service to ailing or aging loved ones goes unrecognized and unsupported. The digital Loeb Classical Library loebclassics.
The adherents to Transcendentalism believed that knowledge could be arrived at not just through the senses, but through intuition and contemplation of the internal spirit.
As such, they professed skepticism of all established religions, believing that Divinity resided in the individual, and the mediation of a church was cumbersome to achieving enlightenment. The genesis of the movement can be accurately traced to and the first gathering of the Transcendental Club in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The father of the movement, an appellation he probably did not relish, was Ralph Waldo Emerson. Emerson lacked the vitality and desire to follow in her path. Though their hold on the public imagination was short-lived, the long-lasting influence that the Transcendentalists had on American literature cannot be denied.
For Transcendentalism was a distinctly American expression, with concerns and ideals that perhaps did not fully translate in England or Continental Europe.
A philosophical-literary movement cannot solve such problems, but it can provide the vocabulary to discuss them reasonably. On the most basic level, Transcendentalism represented a new way of understanding truth and knowledge. The roots of the philosophy go back to Germany, specifically the writings and theories of Immanuel Kant.
In contrast to the scientific revolutions which were daily adding to the store of facts, Kant concerned himself with the abstractions of existence — those things which cannot be known for sure.
He argued that individuals have it in their power to reason for themselves whether a thing be true or not, and how to fit their reasoning into an overall view of the world. Kant set himself apart from those who believed the senses to be perfect measures of reality.
He encouraged a healthy level of doubt and skepticism, but not to the point of nihilistic despair. Kant asserted that humans must embrace the fact that some things cannot be known with certainty, no matter how advanced science and technology become.
In addition to their heady philosophical forebears, the Transcendentalists owed a great debt to the English Romantics of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Many distinctly Romantic tropes echo through the pages of Transcendental literature.
Obviously, the predilection to turn to the natural world for intimations of truth was a recurrent theme for the Romantics. In Transcendental philosophy, the grind of ordinary life and society are seen as barriers between the self and the spirit. Thus, Nature presents a way to free the mind of its typical distractions.
Another strongly Romantic concept that the Transcendentalists embraced was the renewed potency and potentiality of the individual. Specifically, the imagination was glorified as one of the defining, almost divine characteristics of consciousness.
Through imagination, the human mind could extend itself in ways that had never been considered. Transcendentalists differed somewhat from the Romantics in that they ultimately wanted to effect change, both personally and globally.
Romanticism, generally speaking, was too much preoccupied with the ego and aesthetics to work for change in the real world. This newly enlightened, transcendent individual could go into the world and work to make it a better place.Get up to the minute entertainment news, celebrity interviews, celeb videos, photos, movies, TV, music news and pop culture on kaja-net.com African-American literature is the body of literature produced in the United States by writers of African descent.
It begins with the works of such late 18th-century writers as Phillis kaja-net.com the high point of slave narratives, African-American literature was dominated by autobiographical spiritual narratives.
This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
This category is for questions and answers about forms of books and literature. The categories subtopics include authors, poetry, plays, classics, and many other literary elements.
Rhetorical Figures in Sound. + short audio and video clips illustrating stylistic figures of speech ranging from alliteration to kaja-net.com are taken from speeches, movies, sermons, and sensational media events and delivered by politicians, actors, preachers, athletes, and other notable personalities.
Protest essays were more openly hostile than the later slave narratives, whose authors had less control over their biographies.
"The heyday of the slave narrative was after ," says Richard Newman, professor of history at Rochester Institute of Technology and scholar of early African-American reform.